03 August 2012

Quality Management: Total Quality Management (Definitions)

"A concept that focuses on managing the total organization to deliver quality to customers. Four significant elements of TQM are employee involvement, focus on the customer, benchmarking, and continuous improvement." (Timothy J  Kloppenborg et al, "Project Leadership", 2003)

"A management concept (and associated tools) that involves the entire workforce in focusing on customer satisfaction and continuous improvement." (Martin J Eppler, "Managing Information Quality" 2nd Ed., 2006)

"A management strategy aimed at embedding awareness of quality in all organizational processes." (Linda Volonino & Efraim Turban, "Information Technology for Management" 8th Ed., 2011)

"Procedures and policies aimed at organization-wide continuous improvement." (Leslie G Eldenburg & Susan K Wolcott, "Cost Management 2nd Ed", 2011)

"Techniques, methods and management principles for continuous improvement, based on the work of Deming, Juran, Crosby and others." (DAMA International, "The DAMA Dictionary of Data Management", 2011)

"A management philosophy based on the premise that the quality of products and processes can be continuously improved." (Bonnie Biafore & Teresa Stover, "Your Project Management Coach: Best Practices for Managing Projects in the Real World", 2012)

"A philosophy and a set of principles that set the stage for a continuously improving organization." (Joan C Dessinger, "Fundamentals of Performance Improvement" 3rd Ed., 2012)

"A management philosophy from the 1940s and 1950s, consisting of various strategies to ensure quality products and services." (Sally-Anne Pitt, "Internal Audit Quality", 2014)

"A comprehensive approach to the management of quality from the production environment that proves that the costs of preventive quality management exceed the total costs for all reactive measures in the management of quality. This applies to material, as well as immaterial, goods like data." (Boris Otto & Hubert Ă–sterle, "Corporate Data Quality", 2015)

"A holistic approach to long-term success that views continuous improvement in all aspects of an organization as a process and not as a short-term goal." (Kijpokin Kasemsap, "Applying Lean Production and Six Sigma in Global Operations", 2016)

"A systematic, organization-wide approach to quality that stresses continually improving all processes that deliver products and services, with the major outcome of 'delighting' the customer." (Atila Ertas, "Transdisciplinary Engineering Design Process", 2018)

"An organization-wide management approach centered on quality, based on the participation of all members of the organization and aiming at long-term success through customer satisfaction, and benefits to all members of the organization and to society. Total Quality Management consists of planning, organizing, directing, control, and assurance. (ISO 8402)

Quality Management: Cost of Quality (Definitions)

"Cost of poor quality is the cost associated with providing poor-quality products or services. There are four categories: internal failure costs (costs associated with defects found before the customer receives the product or service), external failure costs (costs associated with defects found after the customer receives the product or service), appraisal costs (costs incurred to determine the degree of conformance to quality requirements), and prevention costs (costs incurred to keep failure and appraisal costs to a minimum)." (Laura Sebastian-Coleman, "Measuring Data Quality for Ongoing Improvement ", 2012)

"A method of determining the costs incurred to ensure quality. Prevention and appraisal costs (cost of conformance) include costs for quality planning, quality control (QC), and quality assurance to ensure compliance to requirements (i.e., training, QC systems, etc.). Failure costs (cost of non-conformance) include costs to rework products, components, or processes that are non-compliant, costs of warranty work and waste, and loss of reputation. " (Cynthia Stackpole, "PMP® Certification All-in-One For Dummies®", 2011)

"Costs incurred to insure high quality and/or the actual and opportunity costs from problems with poor quality. Also see quality-related activities." (Leslie G Eldenburg & Susan K Wolcott, "Cost Management 2nd Ed", 2011)

"Money spent during the project to avoid failures, including prevention and testing costs. COQ operates on the premise that costs for meeting quality requirements are less than those for dealing with nonconformance to requirements." (Bonnie Biafore & Teresa Stover, "Your Project Management Coach: Best Practices for Managing Projects in the Real World", 2012)

"All costs incurred over the life of the product by investment in preventing nonconformance to requirements, appraisal of the product or service for conformance to requirements, and failure to meet requirements." (Project Management Institute, "A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK Guide )", 2017)

"The total costs incurred on quality activities and issues and often split into prevention costs, appraisal costs, internal failure costs and external failure costs." (Software Quality Assurance)

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